Download A Companion to Britain in the Later Middle Ages (Blackwell by S. H. Rigby PDF

By S. H. Rigby

This authoritative survey of england within the later heart a while contains 28 chapters written by way of prime figures within the field.
Covers social, financial, political, non secular, and cultural background in England, eire, Scotland, and Wales.
Provides a advisor to the ancient debates over the later heart Ages.
Addresses questions on the innovative of historic scholarship.
Each bankruptcy comprises feedback for additional examining.

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Sample text

Until the fourteenth century few rural areas successfully diversified in this way and with a few notable exceptions the mass production of cloth was largely confined to the towns. Thereafter, however, ‘protoindustrialization’ took strong root in many parts of the countryside, where the greater cheapness of rural labour and the fact that it was not hidebound by guild restrictions offered real competitive advantages. The cloth industry was further encouraged by the export duty on wool, which gave English producers a further cost advantage over foreign competitors.

In direct contrast to the thirteenth century, population growth was now translated into the creation of virtually landless cottage subtenures rather than the fragmentation of direct manorial tenures. Herein lay the origins of a new agrarian socio-economic order characterized by substantial copyhold and yeoman farmers who worked their capitalized holdings with a combination of family labour, live-in hired servants and casual waged labour. This type of labour process when applied to relatively substantial holdings seems to have been capable of delivering levels of labour productivity superior to those obtaining on either the large seigniorial demesnes or small peasant holdings of the middle ages.

Useful examples are M. Bailey, A Marginal Economy? East-Anglian Breckland in the Later Middle Ages (Cambridge, 1989); K. Biddick, The Other Economy: Pastoral Husbandry on a Medieval Estate 24 bruce m. s. campbell (Berkeley and Los Angeles, 1989); B. F. Harvey, Westminster Abbey and its Estates in the Middle Ages (Oxford, 1977); M. K. McIntosh, Autonomy and Community: The Royal Manor of Havering, 1200–1500 (Cambridge, 1986); Z. Razi, Life, Marriage and Death in a Medieval Parish: Economy, Society and Demography in Halesowen, 1270–1400 (Cambridge, 1980).

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