By Morton S. Freeman
Do you approve of censoring the works of significant writers? a few may possibly contend that to bowdlerize an excellent writer's paintings will be to decrease its total caliber. Others, like Thomas Bowdler, whose eraser danced over each Shakespeare play, may argue that each one modest humans may be capable of learn a good paintings with no blushing. For attacking the classics, Mr. Bowdler has been immortalized because the world's best-known, self-appointed literary censor. and due to his efforts the time period bowdlerize has turn into eponymous together with his identify. on the other hand, the observe bikini--defined as a two-piece bathing go well with for women--has been a linguistic secret given that 1947 whilst those fits have been first noticeable at the shorelines of the French Riviera, a 12 months after the USA begun checking out atom bombs at the Bikini atoll of the Marshall Islands. a few surprised humans stated that the influence of the scanty suit on male seashore loungers was once just like the devastating impression of the atomic bomb. Whoosh! a less complicated and extra credible idea is that the bold swimsuits resembled the apparel worn by way of ladies at the Bikini atoll.
Created a few century in the past, the time period eponym is itself a coinage from Greek phrases, epi, "on" or "upon," and onama, "a name." yet its broadened that means, as dictionaries set it out, refers to a notice derived from a formal identify. for example, Salisbury steak--a renowned diner menu merchandise made from universal hamburger and dressed up with brown gravy to make it extra appealing--is named for James H. Salisbury, an English surgeon who promoted a vitamin of floor red meat.
A Dictionary of Eponyms explores the origins of countless numbers of those daily phrases from Argyle socks to zeppelins. Written in an enjoyable and anecdotal sort, and with a foreword by way of Edwin Newman, the ebook incorporates a short biography of the person whose identify turned linked to an merchandise or suggestion in addition to details on how and whilst the identify entered the language.
If you've ever questioned simply the place phrases like cardigan sweater, pamphlet, and robot come from, Morton Freeman does greater than easily outline them--he brings them to existence.
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The tests for measuring intelligence, called the Binet-Simon Scale, were designed for children ages 20 three to twelve, and they have formed the basis for much of the scholastic intelligence testing done in Europe and America for nine decades. The score of 150 is accepted as that of a genius and below 70 as an indication of mental deficiency. " Binet was a pioneering figure in modern psychological research. Among his writings are Psychology of Reasoning (1886) and Alterations of Personality (1892).
The chef's idea worked. The King one day sampled the glazed food, smacked his lips and pronounced it delicious, and ordered that this sweet coating be named for the youngest member of the Conde family. Later, as the public came to eat this glazed food without the filling, just the coatings of the Prince's sweet treats, it adopted the name candy. Despite the many stories concerning the naming of this confection, word sleuths say that the word candy has come from Sanskrit Kharidakah. CANT,JARGON, CANTING GREW Some people believe that the word cant is eponymous for Andrew Cant (1590-1663), a Presbyterian minister in Aberdeen, Scotland.
The newspapers in Paris ignored Braille's death and made no mention of it. The task of educating the blind carne to a dismal standstill. But fortunately there was a turnaround in favor of Braille's method, including adoption of the Braille system by the Institution in 1854, two years after Braille's death, so that today the magic dots convey a truly universal language for the blind. On June 30, 1952, Braille's body was exhumed and transported to Paris and carried up the steps of the Pantheon, to receive the highest honor that France can bestow upon its dead — burial among the most famous heroes of the nation.