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By Joseph Dele Atoyebi

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Additional resources for A reference grammar of Oko: A West Benue-Congo language of North-Central Nigeria

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Wó] [Wwa@n ‘kill a dog’ ? rC@]K [ma@n ‘sit in front’ On the other hand, where the onset consonant is non-bilabial, the surface form of the syllable-final N is always [m] after the nasalized [ã]. Interestingly, the bilabial constraint is so strong to the extent that consonant sounds that have labial coloring such as labio-dental /f/ and labial-velar /kp, gb/, are treated the same way as other consonants which have no labial feature; for instance, /t d k g r/, as seen in the list in (40al). (40) (a) [ta@]?

EC@]? [EO]@? TC@]? ‘to come’ ‘leg/moon/month’ [TO]@? ‘to ask’ [oTO]@G ‘tail’ /7/, a voiced palato-alveolar affricate with one allophone, [m] /Jé/ [Jé] ‘to eat’ /éJí/ [éJí ] [íJe@]? 5 Trills In the production of trills, the tip of the tongue strikes against the upper alveolar ridge many times in the course of speech. 6 Lateral approximant In the production of lateral consonants the front of the tongue is raised to make contact with the alveolar ridge, and air still escapes from one or both sides of the tongue.

I. Lack of literacy in the language, Òko is not been taught in schools and it is not even a language of instruction. ii. The language has not been fully documented; hence, there has not been a proper avenue through which the proposed orthographies can be experimented. In my quest for a practical orthography for Òko, especially one that I can work with in my documentation efforts, I have considered a couple of factors before arriving at an orthography that is practicable. i. Native speakers’ preference: A good orthography should represent all and only the significant sounds in the language (Bamgbose 1976:1).

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